Laparoscopic surgery is done by Dr. Sajjad Noorshafiee, general surgery specialist and specialist in Laparoscopic Surgery. The ancient Greek λαπάρα (Lapara), meaning “side, side” and “σκοπέω” (skopeo), means “seeing”. Operation performed on the abdomen or pelvis through small cuts (usually 0.5-1.5 cm) with laparoscopic camera diagnosis or treatment interventions with a few small abdominal cuts. A number of patient benefits with laparoscopic surgery are opposed to an open method. These include reducing pain due to smaller incisions and bleeding, and shorter rebuilding times.
Laparoscopic surgery, as well as invasive surgery (MIS), bonding surgery or Key Wave surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed through small cuts (usually 0.5-1.5 cm) elsewhere.
Some of the patient’s benefits with laparoscopic surgery are open compared to the more common method. Pain and bleeding are reduced due to smaller incisions, and their recovery time is shortened. A key element in laparoscopic surgery is the use of a laparoscope, a fiber-optic cabling system that can be accessed by screwing cable from a more distant but easier location.
Laparoscopic surgery involves surgery inside the abdominal or pelvic cavity, while a keyhole surgery in the thoracic or chest cavity is performed on thoracoscopic surgery. Special surgical instruments used in laparoscopic surgery include forceps, scissors, probes, sculptors, hooks, receptors, and so on. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy are part of the broad field of endoscopy.
There are two types of laparoscopes:
A telescopic bar lens system, usually connected to a camcorder (a chip or three chips)
A digital laparoscope in which a digital video camera is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the bar lens system
The second-mentioned mechanism is mainly used to improve the image quality of flexible flexible endoscopes, replacing traditional carbon fiber. However, laparoscopes are endoscopes that are hard. Strength in clinical work is required. Linear laparoscopes are mainly due to their good optical clarity (50 μm are usually dependent on the aperture size used in lenses), and the quality of the image is, if necessary, better than the digital camera. The second type of laparoscopy in the laparoscopic market and in hospitals is very rare.
Also, a fiber-optic cable system connected to a cold light source (halogen or xenon) is connected to turn on the field of operation through a 5 mm or 10 mm cannula or trunk. The abdomen usually encounters carbon dioxide gas. This creates the abdominal wall above the internal organs to create working space and viewing space. CO2 is used because it is common to the human body and can be absorbed by the tissue and removed by the respiratory system. It is also non-flammable, which is important because the electroshock is usually used in laparoscopic procedures.